Houses in multiple occupation (HMOs) can offer good quality affordable accommodation to people who cannot afford to buy their own homes and are not eligible for council housing.
Sections in this guide (click title to view)
- 1. What is an HMO?
- 2. Standards in an HMO
- 3. Licensing and planning permission for HMOs
- 4. Report an unlicensed HMO
- 5. Contact us
1. What is an HMO?
A house in multiple occupation (HMO) is a house or flat where both of the following apply:
- at least three tenants live there, forming more than 1 household
- you share toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities with other tenants.
A household is either a single person or members of the same family who live together.
An HMO could be a:
- house split into separate bedsits
- shared house or flat, where the sharers are not members of the same family
- bed-and-breakfast hotel that is not just for holidays
- shared accommodation for students – although many halls of residence and other types of student accommodation owned by educational establishments are not classed as HMOs
For a legal definition of an HMO, visit the National HMO Network website.
2. Standards in an HMO
Although HMOs provide a good source of housing, it is possible to find the very worst housing standards in HMOs and these tenants are most at risk from poor management.
Because of this, most of the standards for HMOs are set by the government and are minimum requirements. Other standards are given as a guide to what we believe is reasonable for the health and safety of the people living there.
The standards include:
- fire precautions and means of escape in case of fire
- adequate amenities (kitchen and bathrooms) are provided
- adequate space is available to tenants and there is no overcrowding
- proper management is in place.
The Housing Health and Safety Hazard Rating System (HHSRS) is also used to measure other risks in HMOs, in particular repair and fire safety risks.
Download the summary guides for:
- bedsit standards
- shared houses, flats and lodgings standards
- hostels and bed and breakfasts standards
- self-contained converted flats standards
- general HMO standards - this includes the minimum room sizes allowed for HMOs
Checking HMO standards
We carry out routine inspections of all known HMOs in Lambeth. If conditions are not up to the required standards the landlord is required to improve them.
Also if a landlord wants to set up a new HMO, one of our officers will visit the property and give advice on the requirements for the property.
We also respond to complaints received from occupying tenants or other persons or services.
If you live in an HMO and are concerned that it doesn't meet these standards you can call us on 020 7926 4444 or 020 7926 4018 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
3. Licensing and planning permission for HMOs
Some HMOs will require planning permission and, or, a property licence depending on their size and the number of people that live there.
HMOs are defined differently between housing and planning regulations, so you need to make sure you understand these differences.
Some HMOs in Lambeth are required to have a property license to operate and be rented out as private accommodation.
Currently, we only license HMOs that meet the conditions of the mandatory licensing scheme.
An HMO in Lambeth will need a mandatory licence if:
- it’s rented to 5 or more people who form more than 1 household
- tenants share some facilities such as the toilet, bathroom or kitchen.
Find out more about HMO property licensing.
If you live in an HMO and are concerned that it isn't licensed you can report this to us.
Planning permission for HMOs
Planning regulations classify HMOs as either being small or large depending on the number of occupants:
- small HMOs (Class C4) - properties housing between 3 and 6 unrelated people reside and share amenities
- large HMOs (Class sui generis) - 7 or more people sharing
If you are going to rent your HMO to seven or more people, you will need to get planning permission for change of use.
Find out more about Use classes and change of use on the Planning Portal website.