An alphabetical list of planning constraints that apply in Lambeth. Different constraints apply to different properties and areas.

We provide online guidance on how to find out which constraints affect your property. These constraint descriptions are for guidance only and should not be considered as legal definitions.

Allotments

Lambeth will resist the loss of allotment sites by refusing permission for redevelopments. Conservation Team. More information about our policies on allotments can be found in our Local Plan, in particular policy EN1 and EN2.

Archaeological Priority Areas

An archaeological priority area is an area specified to help protect archaeological remains that might be affected by development. It is generally unlikely to affect individual homeowners whose property falls within one of these areas, unless their property is located in a particularly sensitive location. However larger sites in these areas will always be assessed for their archaeological potential when an application is made for redevelopment. You can read more about archaeological priority areas in the Local Plan, in particular policy Q23. The extent of the archaeological priority areas in Lambeth can be seen on the Local Plan Planning Policies Map 2015.

Article 4 Directions

Article 4 directions remove or restrict permitted development rights. This means that developments that do not normally require planning permission may now do so.

Some of Lambeth’s conservation areas are subject to Article 4 direction. We use this additional control over development in order to preserve or enhance the character or appearance of the area. More information about Lambeth’s conservation area article 4 directions can be found on our works in conservation areas page and information about particular article 4 directions are available on the corresponding conservation area profile page.

Lambeth has also made two Article 4 Directions that withdraw permitted development rights for ‘Class O’ permitted development. Class O of the General Permitted Development Order 2015 relates to change of use from office (Use Class B1a) to residential (Use Class C3). The Article 4 Direction 2017 applies to the whole of Brixton town centre, some sites in Clapham town centre, and the whole or part of ten areas known as ‘Key Industrial and Business Areas’ (KIBAs). The CAZ Article 4 Direction 2019 applies to the whole of the London Plan Central Activities Zone (CAZ) as it relates to Lambeth. This covers Vauxhall and Waterloo.

Brixton Indoor Markets

The indoor markets of central Brixton, which include Reliance Arcade and Brixton Village. We want to see all markets in the borough continue to thrive and we encourage a coordinated approach to development and management. Policy PN3 of the Lambeth Local Plan sets out our approach to managing the mix of uses within the indoor markets.

Central Activities Zone

The Central Activities Zone is defined in the Mayor’s London Plan as an area where planning policy promotes finance, specialist retail, tourist and cultural uses and activities.

Conservation Area

A conservation area is an area of special architectural or historic interest, where it is desirable to preserve or enhance its character or appearance. A conservation area places additional controls on permitted development, demolition of walls and buildings and works to trees. A full list of the conservation areas in Lambeth, along with information about them, is available on our conservation area profiles page.

District Centre Boundary

Part of the London Plan town centre classifications: District centres are distributed more widely than the Metropolitan and Major centres, providing convenience goods and services for more local communities and accessible by public transport, walking and cycling. Typically they contain 10,000–50,000 square metres of retail floor space. Lambeth has nine district centres including Clapham, Stockwell and Herne Hill. See our Local Plan for more details.

District Centre Primary Shopping Area

The primary shopping area within the boundary of a District Centre. Our policies promote the retention of active frontages in such areas. See our Local Plan for more details.

Environment Agency Flood Zone

Flood zone areas are subject to some level of flood risk and an application for new development may require consultation with the Environment Agency. The Government provides advice on which applications will require consultation.

Green Chains

Linked but separate open spaces with footpaths between them. They are accessible to the public and provide way-marked paths and other pedestrian and cycle routes. See our Local Plan, in particular section 9: Environment and Green Infrastructure, for more details.

Gypsy and Traveller Site

Sites either for settled occupation, temporary stopping places, or transit sites for people of nomadic habit of life, such as gypsies and travellers. There is only one such site in Lambeth – in Streatham Vale. See our Local Plan for more details, in particular policy H10.

Historic Parks and Gardens

Parks or gardens on the national register of historic parks and gardens. A list of the registered parks and gardens in Lambeth can be found in the conservation pages of the planning website.

HSE Consultation Zone

The area around significant potential hazards, for example the gas holders in Oval, where proposed developments may require consultation with the Health and Safety Executive.

Key Industrial and Business Area

Key Industrial and Business Areas (KIBAs) are Lambeth’s ‘Locally Significant Industrial Sites’, as defined in the London Plan, and are important employment generating sites in the borough. Further information on them can be found in our Local Plan, in particular policy ED1. The extent of the KIBAs in Lambeth can be seen on the Local Plan Planning Policies Map 2015.

Land Subject to Commons Registration

Common land as registered under the Commons Registration Act 2006.

Listed Building

A listed building is a building or other structure which is deemed to be of special architectural or historic interest and is included on the statutory list drawn up by the Government (Department for Culture, Media and Sport). Listed buildings are heavily protected by planning legislation and development that damages or demolishes a listed building without consent is a criminal offence. We provide online guidance on listed buildings and carrying out works to listed buildings.

Local Centre

Part of the London Plan town centre classifications: Local centres typically serve a localised catchment often most accessible by walking and cycling and include local parades and small clusters of shops, mostly for convenience goods and other services. They may include a small supermarket (typically up to around 500 square metres), sub-post office, pharmacy, laundrette and other useful local services.

Locally Listed Building

Lambeth maintains a list of buildings of local architectural or historic interest which we believe are worthy of conservation. Local listing brings with it no additional planning controls but a local listing is a material consideration when planning applications are considered. We provide online guidance on locally listed buildings.

Local Spaces of Heritage Value

Our Local Heritage List includes a number of designated Local Spaces of Heritage Value. These historic spaces and designated landscapes contribute significantly to Lambeth’s local distinctiveness. Local listing brings with it no additional planning controls but a local listing is a material consideration when planning applications are considered. See our Local Plan for more details, in particular policy Q23.

Local Views

Views which are of particular local interest. The council will seek to protect their composition and character from harm. Local views are detailed in Policy Q25 of the Lambeth Local Plan. You can see the spatial extent of the Local Views on the Local Plan Planning Policies Map 2015.

London Distributor Roads

Major roads that link between the Transport for London (TfL) road network and local distributor roads. They are classified roads and this means that anyone wanting to make a vehicle crossover from a property onto the road will need to apply for planning permission.

London Plan Thames Policy Area

A special policy area within the London Plan in which applicants will need to submit detailed appraisals addressing the impact on the Thames and riverside of any major developments proposed. See our Local Plan for more details, in particular policy Q24.

Lower Marsh CAZ Primary Shopping Area Frontage

Part of the Mayor’s London Plan town centre classifications: Primary shopping area of the Lower Marsh Central Activities Zone Frontage area. Active frontage uses such as shops, financial and professional services, food and drink, together with community and leisure facilities are usually protected in this area.

Lower Marsh Central Activities Zone Frontage Boundary

Part of the Mayor’s London Plan town centre classifications: Boundary of the Lower Marsh retail area within the Central Activities Zone. Active frontage uses such as shops, financial and professional services, food and drink, together with community and leisure facilities are usually protected in this area.

Major Centre Boundary

Part of the Mayor’s London Plan town centre classifications: typically found in inner and some parts of outer London with a borough-wide catchment. Major centres generally contain over 50,000 square metres of retail floor space with a relatively high proportion of comparison goods relative to convenience goods. They may also have significant employment, leisure, service and civic functions. In Lambeth, Brixton and Streatham are classified as major centres.

Major Centre Primary Shopping Area

Part of the Mayor’s London Plan town centre classifications: The ‘primary shopping area’ within the boundary of a major centre. Generally retail uses will be protected in such areas.

Metropolitan Open Land

These areas are significant pieces of open land within the urban area and are generally protected from most forms of development in a similar way to green belt land. The Mayor’s London Plan provides policy advice on the protection of Metropolitan Open Land, and a list of Metropolitan Open Land in Lambeth in given in Annex 6 of our Local Plan.

Opportunity Area

Opportunity Areas are London’s principal sites for accommodating large scale development to provide substantial numbers of new employment and housing, each typically more than 5,000 jobs and / or 2,500 homes, with a mixed and intensive use of land and assisted by good public transport accessibility. Opportunity areas are defined in the Mayor’s London Plan and in Lambeth there are the Vauxhall, Nine Elms and Battersea, and Waterloo opportunity areas.

Piers

Piers over the River Thames. Our Local Plan policies require the retention of piers, see in particular policy T5.

Protected Vistas

Protected vistas are designed to preserve the viewer’s ability to recognise and appreciate a strategically important landmark from a designated viewing place by restricted development, usually limiting the height. Large parts of North Lambeth are covered by these constraints as the borough is in the background to several ‘important views’.
Protected vistas are outlined in the London Views Management Framework 2013 and protected by policy Q25 of our Local Plan.

Rush Common Land

Areas of common land in Brixton. Lambeth will resist all development proposals that could have a detrimental effect on the open character of Rush Common land. We provide online guidance on Rush Common land.

Safeguarded Waste Site

These are existing sites that are safeguarded for waste transfer and management activities. The constraint restricts potential for redevelopment. Further information about Safeguarded Waste Sites can be found in our Local Plan, in particular policy EN7.

Site Allocations

Sites which the council has specific aspirations for. Sites are allocated in order to provide greater clarity about the sort of scheme that is likely to be acceptable. Some sites are allocated to secure the delivery of essential infrastructure, such as schools. Full details about each allocated site can be found in our Local Plan. Details of sites allocated for social infrastructure are in Section 7. Details of the other sites can be found in Section 11: Places and Neighbourhoods.

Sites of Borough Nature Conservation Importance

These are sites which are important on a borough perspective in the same way as the Metropolitan sites are important to the whole of London. Although sites of similar quality may be found elsewhere in London, damage to these sites would mean a significant loss to the borough. As with Metropolitan sites, while protection is important, management of borough sites should usually allow and encourage their enjoyment by people and their use for education. Further information on SINCs can be found in our Local Plan, in particular policy EN1.

Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation

Lambeth has 45 designated Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINCs). Within London SINCs are divided into different classifications that can be seen below. Policy 7.19 (Biodiversity and Access to Nature) of the London Plan describes the planning protection afforded to the different classifications of SINCs within London. Further information on SINCs can be found in our Local Plan, in particular policy EN1.

Sites of Local Nature Conservation Importance

A site of local nature conservation importance is one which is, or may be, of particular value to people nearby (such as residents or schools). These sites may already be used for nature study or be run by management committees mainly composed of local people. Further information on SINCs can be found in our Local Plan, in particular policy EN1.

Sites of Metropolitan Nature Conservation Importance

Sites of metropolitan importance for nature conservation are defined areas which contain the best examples of London’s habitats, sites which contain particularly rare species, rare assemblages of species or important populations of species, or sites which are of particular significance within otherwise heavily built-up areas of London. Further information on SINCs can be found in our Local Plan, in particular policy EN1.

Smoke Control Area

The whole of Lambeth is a smoke control area as designated by the borough under the Clean Air Act 1993. It is illegal to emit smoke from a chimney in a smoke control area unless you’re burning an authorised fuel or using exempt appliances.

Streatham Common Nature Reserve

Streatham Common includes the largest areas of acid grassland and woodland in Lambeth and, for this reason, part of it was designated as a Local Nature Reserve in January 2013, meaning that for planning purposes it is classified as a Site of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINC). More details can be found on the Streatham Common page of Lambeth’s website and our Local Plan, in particular policy EN1.

Streets Under Conversion Stress

If a street is identified as a street under conversion stress then any future planning application for conversions of houses into flats on this street will be resisted by the council. Further information on this constraint can be found in our Local Plan, including within policy H6.

Transport for London Road Network

Roads operated and maintained by Transport for London (TfL). They are classified roads and for planning purposes this means that anyone wanting to make a vehicle crossover from a property onto the road will need to apply for planning permission.

Tree Preservation Order

A Tree Preservation Order (TPO) protects specific trees or a particular area, group of trees or woodland from deliberate damage and destruction. TPOs can prevent the felling, lopping, topping, uprooting or otherwise wilful damaging of trees without our permission, although different TPOs have different degrees of protection. Anyone wanting to cut down or carry out works to a tree protected by a TPO will have to apply to us first. More information about TPOs, including a list of trees in Lambeth protected by TPOs, can be found on the trees pages of our website.

Tunnel Safeguarding Line

Areas where the Tube tunnels run underneath the ground. Certain developments in these areas, particularly tall buildings or those involving excavation will require consultation with Transport for London (TfL) when applying for planning permission. We provide an online map showing the extent of the tunnel safeguarding lines in Lambeth.