There are many different types of housing for a young person or adult with special educational needs, mental ill health or a disability (SEND). You can have continuous care, live in someone else's home or get help to live on your own or with friends.
This is not as easy as just finding somewhere to live, there are many things for you and your family to consider and depending upon your choices the timescales for putting things in place can vary a lot.
So planning for this transition early enough (in good time) is important, and should at least be started at the preparation for adulthood review, which must happen in Year 9 of school.
It is also important to make sure that the right people are part of the review process, such as occupational therapist or social worker, depending upon your needs and what you think you would like for your future.
Things that may need to be considered when you are doing this planning could include:
Sections in this guide (click title to view)
- 1. Adjustments needed to the house
- 2. Are there people you'd like to live with?
- 3. Do you need support in your new home?
- 4. Independent living skills
- 5. Paying for your home
- 6. Type of housing
1. Adjustments needed to the house
Once you have had a chance to think about what housing type you prefer, it may need to be considered if the property would need to be changed (adapted) to make it easier for you to live in, if you have a physical disability.
Some of these changes might be small, ie fitting a grab rail in the bathroom, but others may require building work, for example putting in a shower room. Remember, if you do not own the property, permission will probably be required from the property owner before any work is undertaken.
A Disabled Facilities Grant may be available from the housing department to pay for any big changes.
Assistive technologies, which are a range of special equipment such as alarms and sensors may also help you live more easily and safely in your home.
2. Are there people you'd like to live with?
Moving from the family home to live independently could end up being a lonely experience, especially if you find it hard to make new friends.
So the first step into independent living could be done as a small group of friends living together.
There are real benefits to living with a small group of friends, such as a ready-made social group, but living with a friend can be very different from just having them as your friend.
So having the chance to live together for short periods of time can help the group decide if they would like to live together, which household jobs they will need to share, what house rules they might like to put in place and what support would be needed.
3. Do you need support in your new home?
If you prefer a housing type that does not include support, there are still support options available, these normally consists of a person (support worker) that will go into your home, for a short period of time during the day to help with a specific task, these options could include:
This is when a person from a team of workers move from one person to another providing daily living assistance to people in their own homes.
This assistance may include domestic tasks (keeping yourself and your home tidy), budgeting (making sure that you pay your bills) and tenancy support (making sure that you look after the property and are a good neighbour).
This is where a support worker goes into a person’s home to undertake or help with daily living tasks. These are normally provided through social services and you may have to pay for this support.
This is where a housing department or a charity can offer someone support to make sure that they follow the rules of their tenancy by paying their rent, being a good neighbour and keeping their property clean and tidy
Providing for your care and support comes under the responsibility of our social services department. This could include an assessment for the provision of care in the home.
4. Independent living skills
You may have already experienced living away from the family home, possibly to attend a residential school or as part of a residential respite short break or taking part in a programme run at your school, college or day service.
But for many people this will be a new experience, along with the expectation that you will have to be much more involved in doing the sort of things that go hand in hand with living independently, such as:
- keeping your home clean and tidy
- making a shopping list and then doing the shopping
- planning your day, to include both jobs that need doing and fun / social time
- any help you require around personal hygiene
- safety awareness
As part of your young person’s review these type of things should be considered and opportunities planned, and given to build up your skills as necessary.
5. Paying for your home
With all of the choices made it is now important to plan how this package will be paid for, and who might need to be involved to help make this happen.
The money to pay your rent or repayment of a mortgage, will likely come from a variety of sources including:
6. Type of housing
Hopefully you have thought about what independent living skills you already have, and have a plan to build up the skills you will need. You have also had a chance to think about whether you would like to live alone or with other people.
So now you need to find out about what are the options for housing in Lambeth?
To apply for social housing in Lambeth that is, council and housing association homes, you will need to join the housing register.
If your application is accepted you will be put into a band with people who have similar needs to you and you will be told what type of housing you are eligible to apply for.
You will only be able to bid on properties that you are interested in and eligible for. Some people with additional needs may be given a higher priority, depending upon their needs.
This is renting a house which is owned by a private organisation or another person.
To rent a house you will need to enter into an agreement with the house owner which is called a tenancy agreement. The tenancy agreement sets out how much rent you need to pay and what other things you are responsible for paying for, for example, your bills and damage.
Extra care housing
Extra care housing aims to help you to live independently for as long as possible. It gives you the security and privacy of having your own front door but with services being available to support your needs if you want them.
Shared ownership schemes
This is where you have part ownership of a property and rent the other part from a registered provider.
You will normally have a mortgage which is a sum of money that you borrow in order to buy the property. You then pay back the money using your welfare benefits. There are some rules around shared ownership including having to find money to put down when buying the property (called a deposit).
This is usually a small block of flats or bungalows with some communal areas shared by all. There will usually be an alarm system and a visiting or on site warden.
Supported accommodation and lodgings
This is where a landlord agrees to provide rented accommodation plus support services. The accommodation can be a room in the landlord's own house or in a separate property. This accommodation is usually for people who require a low level of support.
This is living in an ordinary or purpose built property with other people as tenants with support. The landlord should be a different person or organisation from the provider of the support.
Some supported living schemes have housing associations as the owners of the property or the housing association will rent directly from a private landlord and then sublet to the person with additional needs.
Buy to Rent
This is where your parent or other close relative buys (or builds) a property and then lets it out to you.
If the property has been purchased using a mortgage then the landlord who is your parent or close relative may use the rent to pay the mortgage.
Where repaying the mortgage depends on the son or daughter or relative with additional needs getting Housing Benefit to cover the rent, it is very important to make sure that the tenancy is regarded as a commercial arrangement as it may be refused if it is regarded as a family arrangement.
It is also important to make sure that the Housing Benefit will be enough to pay the rent.
Shared Lives scheme
This is where you live with a family (not your own family) in their home and the family provide the support. The organisation in Lambeth which operates this service is called Grace Eyre.
Find out more about the Shared Lives schemes.
This is having a room, or sometimes a flat in a building shared with a number of other people where there is 24-hour support and meals provided.