Since 2013, local authorities have responsibility to improve the health of their populations.
Sections in this guide (click title to view)
- 1. What is a Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA)
- 2. JSNA summaries
- 3. Health summaries and factsheets
- 4. Locality profiles
- 5. Evidence reviews by life course
- 6. Evaluations
- 7. Outcomes framework
- 8. National profile and tools
- 9. Annual public health report
- 10. Privacy notices
1. What is a Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA)
The Lambeth Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) is a process that identifies the current and future health and wellbeing and social care needs of the local population. The JSNA also considers what assets local communities within Lambeth can offer in terms of skills, experience and resources.
The Lambeth JSNA brings together a wide range of information to help us better understand these needs and assets. The information comes from a range of sources including the views of the local population.
Collectively, this information helps Lambeth Council, Lambeth Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), NHS England and third sector providers address the identified needs and reduce inequalities.
JSNAs were introduced by the Department of Health in April 2008 with the purpose of strengthening joint working between the NHS (National Health Service) and the local authority. Under the Health and Social Care Act 2012, local authorities and CCGs have equal and joint responsibilities to prepare JSNAs through local Health and Wellbeing Boards. Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) are meant to pay specific attention to health inequalities which we seek to redress.
The JSNA is a continuous and collaborative process. The development of the JSNA is overseen by the Lambeth JSNA Steering Group. Members include Lambeth Council - Public Health, Children's and Adults' Services and Environment and Leisure - and Lambeth CCG. This group prioritises the JSNA topic areas that need to be developed.
All Local Authorities have a duty to improve the health of the population they serve. To help with this, we use data and information from a range of sources including hospitals, general practice and data collected at the registration of a birth or death to understand more about the nature, causes of disease and ill-health and health needs in the area.
2. JSNA summaries
3. Health summaries and factsheets
Early years at a glance series
- Early years at a glance
- Coldharbour - Early years at a glance
- Stockwell - Early years at a glance
- Tulse Hill - Early years at a glance
- Vassal - Early years at a glance
4. Locality profiles
5. Evidence reviews by life course
Pre-birth and Early Years
- Reports will be added when available
Children and Young People
- National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP)
- Emotional wellbeing and mental health – summary
- Health and wellbeing
- Health related behaviour
- Childhood obesity analysis: Why has Lambeth seen a reduction in childhood obesity? (2015)
- Reports will be added when available
- Bowel cancer screening
- Illicit tobacco
- Shisha smoking
- Substance misuse – summary
- Men who have sex with men - summary
7. Outcomes framework
A series of national frameworks set out desired outcomes and the indicators that will help us understand how well public health, social care and the NHS are improving.
8. National profile and tools
Health Impact Assessment (HIA)
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is a widely used method which helps planners, policy makers and the general public to think through the full range of effects that a new scheme may have on the health and wellbeing of individuals and communities.
It systematically brings together and analyses evidence from a range of sources to assess the good and bad effect of a proposal on people’s health and wellbeing. Once this has been done it becomes possible to make recommendations as to how to enhance beneficial effects and reduce or prevent ones that may affect people’s health adversely.
There are six steps to doing an HIA:
- Screening: looking at what is being planned to see if it needs an HIA
- Scoping: deciding what aspects may have an impact on health and identifying what needs to be included
- Assessing and appraising: which people/social groups will be affected and how? How big will the effects be?
- Recommendations: suggesting specific actions that will reduce or remove any negative impacts and increase the positive as much as possible
- Reporting: the findings are presented to decision makers and other relevant people to be put into action
- Monitoring and evaluating: see if the recommendations have had the desired effect or if there are impacts on people’s health which were not predicted
HIAs can be undertaken at different levels of depth and complexity, using different tools. There are three types: full, rapid or desktop. Even if an HIA is not undertaken, these approaches can be very helpful for members of the public responding to planning consultations by suggesting questions to ask and predicting some of the results of new developments.
The Healthy Urban Development Unit has developed guidance for rapid and desktop HIAs.